On 27th March 2019, India successfully tested a homegrown Anti- Satellite missile or Anti-SAT. The operation was given a code name Mission Shakti. Mission Shakti has made India capable of conducting space warfare. Mission Shakti’s significance can be gaged because most countries have their commercial, military, and spy satellites in lower earth orbit or LEO. Mission Shakti has enabled India to bring down such satellites revolving in the lower orbit of the Earth.
Neighbors around the border surround India, and this capability allows India to check security threats arising from its neighboring countries.
In the era of technology, satellites provide critical intelligence information and communication capability to a country during wars. Pakistan has placed several satellites in orbit using Chinese and Russian rockets. China alone has dozens of satellites in the lower earth orbit.
India has become the fourth country to possess Anti- SAT capabilities. Russia and the USA became a space superpower in the year 1980. China was the third country to enter the league after testing ASAT in the year 2007. India became the fourth nation to register its name in the elite group of countries that possess the capability to destroy targets in space.
Global powers have recognized space as an essential part of a country’s security. Mission Shakti was an ambitious indigenous space operation, and the success of this mission has boosted the Indian space programs. India has demonstrated its technological abilities to the world with Mission Shakti. Mission Shakti was executed using indigenous and homegrown technology.
Anti Satellite missiles or ASATs are missiles that can disable satellites revolving in the lower earth orbit. Anti- SAT or ASAT are either land to air-based missiles or sea to air-based missiles. In the year 2010, DRDO or Defence Research and Development Organization of India began working on A-SAT missile technology. The current NDA Government completely backed and supported DRDO in successfully completing Mission Shakti. The mission was unfortunately pushed backward in time by the previous Government. The NDA Government has always emphasized on modernizing the Indian military, and the success of mission Shakti can be viewed as a huge step forward.
A closer analysis of the importance of a satellite in this era of technology can make the significance of Mission Shakti more transparent. Satellites are used to run everything in a country nowadays. Satellites enable communication and intelligence gathering in a country. Satellites also play an essential role in guiding missiles to the desired target. Thus, incapacitating a satellite can nearly cripple a country’s navigation, communication, and intelligence network. Hence, protecting a satellite from adversary attacks is imperative. The ASATs play a significant role in safeguarding satellites from adversary missiles.
Mission Shakti is considered India’s quantum jump in Comprehensive National Power and Strategic Clout or CNP and Strategic Clout. The success of Mission Shakti gives India a say in the prevention of the Arms race in Space. India became a policymaker among the other three nations present in the elite group of countries.
India has now become capable of undertaking cyber attacks on space systems and carrying out pellet cloud attacks on LEO satellites. India is now well equipped with the technology to direct energy weapons towards other satellites and target and sabotage the enemy’s military operations.