The Amazonia-1 satellite is Brazil’s homemade remote sensing satellite. The Amazonia-1 would be launched into synchronous sun orbit. The Amazonia-1 is equipped with advanced camera technology, capable of generating images of the Earth every five days with a resolution of 64 meters. 

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The Amazonia-1 would play a vital role in observing and tracking the deforestation in the Amazon forest. Brazil’s decision to launch the Amazonia-1 satellite using ISRO’s launch vehicle PSLV comes as a big boost to India’s space diplomacy. 

Brazil’s decision to go with India instead of China to launch its homemade satellite can be considered as a big set back to China.

The Amazonia-1 satellite is scheduled to be launched from India in February 2021. 

Brazil and China had signed an agreement called Brazil- China Spae Cooperation in May 1984. The agreement was made for collaboration between the two countries for science and technology. 

In July  1988, Brazil and China signed an agreement for the production of China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite(CBERS). China had launched two satellites for Brazil under the name CBERS-1 and CBERS-2. Both the satellites were operational until August 2003. 

Brazil had signed the agreement for cooperation in science and technology between the two countries. Still, China was unwilling to share the technology with Brazil and was using satellite launches to boost its image in the world. 

In December 2013, China failed to launch CBERS-3, following the malfunction of its launch vehicle Chang-Zheng 4B. China had to face serious criticism from around the world, including NASA. China developed the CBERS-3 satellite in partnership with Brazil. This failure would cost both countries the US $125 million each. 

China quickly launched the CBERS-4 satellite in December 2014 in an attempt to improve its image. In December 2019, China went on to launch CBERS-4A. 

In December 2014, at the 6th edition of the BRICS Summit, India and Brazil signed an agreement that would permit Brazil to set up an Earth station to access the data generated from Indian satellites. ISRO had even trained Brazilian scientists to operate and access data from the Earth station. 

Thus, Brazil’s decision to choose India over China for its space program only comes naturally. The launch of Amazonia-1 would mark the beginning of a new relationship between and Brazil.